The lawyer must provide competent representation to the client, which requires legal knowledge, skill, thoroughness, and preparation.


The lawyer must act with reasonable diligence and promptness in representing the client, which includes not procrastinating and carrying matters through to conclusion.


The lawyer must promptly inform the client of any decisions or circumstances that require the client's informed consent, consult with the client about the means to accomplish their objectives, keep the client reasonably informed about the status of the matter, comply with reasonable requests for information, and consult with the client about any relevant limitations on the lawyer's conduct.

Confidentiality of Information

The lawyer must not reveal information relating to the representation of the client unless the client gives informed consent, the disclosure is impliedly authorized to carry out the representation, or the disclosure is permitted by law or a court order. The lawyer must also make reasonable efforts to prevent the inadvertent or unauthorized disclosure of client information.

Lawyer as Witness

The lawyer should not act as an advocate at a trial in which the lawyer is likely to be a necessary witness, except in specific circumstances.
Scope of Representation and Allocation of Authority: The lawyer must abide by the client's decisions concerning the objectives of representation and consult with the client about the means to be pursued. The lawyer may limit the scope of representation if the limitation is reasonable and the client gives informed consent. The lawyer must not counsel or assist the client in conduct that the lawyer knows is criminal or fraudulent.

Client's Rights

The lawyer must keep the client reasonably informed about the status of the matter, promptly comply with reasonable requests for information, explain matters to the extent reasonably necessary to permit the client to make informed decisions, and communicate settlement offers or proffered plea bargains to the client.

Declining or Terminating Representation

The lawyer must not represent a client or withdraw from representation unless there is good cause, such as the representation violating the Rules of Professional Conduct or other law, causing an unreasonable financial burden, or the client or cause being repugnant to the lawyer.

Candor Toward the Tribunal

The lawyer must not make false statements of material fact or law to a tribunal, fail to disclose legal authority adverse to the client's position, or offer evidence that the lawyer knows is false. The lawyer must also take reasonable remedial measures if the lawyer, client, or witness offers material evidence and comes to know of its falsity.

Expediting Litigation

The lawyer must make reasonable efforts to expedite litigation consistent with the interests of the client.

Trial Publicity

The lawyer must not make extrajudicial statements that the lawyer knows or reasonably should know will be disseminated by means of public communication and will have a substantial likelihood of materially prejudicing an adjudicative proceeding. There are exceptions to this rule, such as stating the general nature of the claim or defense, information contained in a public record, or mitigating adverse publicity not initiated by the lawyer or the client.